Not Being There YetArt & Survival
From Comics Scene #4 / ©1981 by Howard Cruse
Thursday morning. If I push myself and forego jogging, I can finish the American Photographer art and deliver it on my way to Export, thus consolidating my time logged on the subway.
Then, by wrapping up the Export assignment over the weekend, I can clear the decks for those health food sketches I promised I’d have by the end of next week.
I have been sitting on an interesting comic strip idea for Eclipse for what must be eight months by now. I really thought I had made room for it in April, but then the health food guy called, and by the time I get his job out of my hands, Bananas is bound to have a new "Doctor Duck" script ready...
Hey, I’m getting work! I’m grateful! Don’t get me wrong.
But there’s this feeling I have as once more I put aside that strip I’ve been wanting to get to. I’m not There yet. That’s what I feel about myself.
Where is "There"?
Hard to say exactly, but I know when I’m in its vicinity. I can smell its nearness the way I smell fresh crescent rolls from outside a bakery.
I’d like to stroll into that bakery, have them smile across the counter, grab my hand and say, "Why, Mr. Cruse, merely to look at you is to recognize your sterling qualities. Please allow us to provide you with our delicious crescent rolls free of charge. Indeed, let us guarantee you all the free crescent rolls you may desire for the rest of your life!"
Ah, if only appetites were so simply satisfied!
Daydreams aside, the fact is that it takes money to buy rolls, or to secure living space, or to nourish yourself so that you have energy for drawing while occupying that space. Gaining access to the requisite money usually involves an extended campaign. The urge for artistic fulfillment, unless it is nimble and prepared to stick up for itself, can easily get trampled underfoot once the harsh battle for basic survival is engaged.
Once in a happy while, a young cartoonist will encounter a cartoon buyer who is prepared to offer a living wage in return for precisely the drawings that the cartoonist prefers to draw. But by all reports, that’s rare! Most of us who want to be professionals rather than hobbyists have to do a lot of bending in the early years in order to keep afloat. When we manage to harvest a little creative satisfaction in the course of our contortions, it’s a special pleasure.
Thinking of this, I’m reminded of a particular day in 1969. I was living in New York at the time and was due that day to deliver my last job to Tom Borowik at Flaghouse, Inc. Tom had hired me for sporadic freelance gigs even though I was just out of college and very green around the edges. Today he listened as I said my piece.
"I don’t expect I’ll have time to do Flaghouse jobs for awhile," I told him. "I’ve decided to try concentrating on ‘underground’ cartooning."
Tom nodded thoughtfully. "I don’t know how much money there is in underground stuff," he ventured.
"I still want to give it a try," I said.
In those days I was always quitting jobs. I once gave notice at the end of July because I couldn’t bear to spend August indoors while Central Park beckoned. I had an almost mystical faith in my bank account’s ability to spontaneously regenerate. Still, I wanted Tom to understand where my head was at. He had done me the favor of behaving as though I had a promising future as an artist at a time when my own confidence in that prospect needed all the bolstering it could get. I felt he deserved an explanation.
I had connected with Flaghouse the previous winter through a classified ad in the Village Voice. Flaghouse was seeking freelance cartoonists, and that’s what I wanted to be. When I answered Tom's ad I was employed by a small typesetting firm which specialized in working 18 hour days producing legal documents for corporate mergers which, judging by the hysteria surrounding our hairbreadth pre-dawn deadlines, must have customarily been consummated around 4:00 a.m. My role was to hunch over a light table and slice minute corrections into complex charts composed of very tiny type. I was nearing my burnout threshold when I spotted the Flaghouse ad.
Today Flaghouse distributes athletic equipment and camping supplies, but its initial enterprise was providing pennants and custom-made flags to high schools across the country. Hence its name. By the time I encountered Flaghouse it was already diversifying its catalog (today, in fact, it carries no flags at all). But in 1969 the banner business still looked bullish at the House of Flags, and here came I with my portfolio composed of a mishmash of posters I’d drawn for college plays, logos for Alabama Volkswagen dealers, comic strips already rejected by every syndicate in the country, etc. Never was a youngster’s flag-designing potential so clearly in evidence.
Let me acquaint you with the flag-production process, so you’ll see how I fitted in. A direct-mail brochure from Flaghouse would catch the eye of the Principal (or Student Council or PTA) of, say, Scrubbutter High School in Montana. Flaghouse’s mission was to deliver, upon request, a free flag design based on the school’s colors (green and gold) and the symbol or mascot of the school’s athletic team (the Scrubbutter Flaming Otters). No strings attached. If the design proved pleasing, Flaghouse was prepared to translate it into an actual banner at a reasonable price. "Sounds good," the Principal (or whoever) would say, and the handy coupon would be mailed forthwith.
Every few days I would stop by the Flaghouse office and pick up a few dozen such orders, along with standard illustration boards on which blank flag formats were printed. "The Scrubbutter Flaming Otters!" I would murmur to myself. "Let’s give those kids at Scrubbutter High something to cheer about!" Across a rich green field would go heroic golden letters announcing the name of the team. In the center, a snarling otter would be rendered, frozen at a dramatic stage of combustion. How many of my designs were accepted, I wonder? How many were sewn into noble banners that are flying aloft to this day? Let other artists be hung in elitist galleries. I was being hoisted up flagpoles all over America!
As I recall, I was paid seven dollars a shot for these designs.
Emboldened by my freelancing coup, I quit my job at the type shop. I set up a stiff regimen for myself. Rising at 7 a.m., I would plunge into the day’s quota of lions, tigers and bears. At first I worked in tempera, striving for maximum originality and flash with each design. Then the arithmetic of the situation began to sink in. At seven dollars per design and with Manhattan rent to be paid, I had to turn out a lot of flags. And fast!
So I streamlined. I switched to Magic Markers. I worked up drawings of the more popular animals and traced them over and over again. I worked till 11:00 at night, hit the sack, then rose with the morning traffic to go at it again. I felt intrepid. I felt disciplined. I felt stupid.
I soon learned an unfortunate fact about freelancing: sometimes you’re in demand and sometimes you’re not. I’m not sure how many flag-hungry schools I thought there were out there on the coupon circuit, but demand for my services dropped off once I had worked through Flaghouse’s backlog of orders. (Or perhaps a more adept flag-renderer was siphoning off my assignments.) After a few weeks Tom thanked me and said he’d give a call the next time my talents were required.
Unemployed! Suddenly I remembered the appeal of regular salaries.
Flaghouse didn’t abandon me entirely. Indeed, as I said earlier, in the long run it was I who did the abandoning. I dutifully turned out occasional jobs for Flaghouse in the few months before my final defection: decals, certificates for Best Camper of the Summer, things like that. Scattered jobs from other sources occasionally came my way.
Still, I wasn’t really making it. I was surviving, yes, and sometimes when I was working I’d sense a glimmer of nascent professional pride. But something more had to lie beyond all of this, and I knew I wasn’t There yet.
The germ of a breakthrough dates from that rocky time. My cartooning efforts had previously been pretty traditional. Jokes were arranged Just So in the customary number of panels. But there were other drawings as well that I had been doing through the years. These were squeezed into margins of textbooks and compressed within the random empty spaces left among notes from boring college classes. These were doodles, not "important" because they were not for publication.
In these scribblings, my subconscious imagery spilled without censorship onto paper. The drawings were disturbing in their idle perversity. Cows gave arduous birth to elephants. Spikes were pounded beneath the nails of swollen fingers, or between teeth and bleeding gums. The necks of hapless clowns were wrung by robots. These were throwaway items rendered in pencil or ballpoint and long ago discarded. Friends who peered at these images as I drew them usually eyed me warily afterwards, but still seemed eager to see what I would come up with next. In their awful way, these drawings were crowd-pleasers.
I remembered my doodles during the summer of ‘69, and wondered if they would still evoke fascination if rendered in a more crafted style. Thus was born a series of drawings that I collectively named Phenomena.
Isolated as I was from the work of artists around me, I thought I was exploring uncharted territory. Actually, I was experiencing my personal version of a creative ferment happening everywhere. These were times when all boundaries that had heretofore restricted the form and content of art were being radically questioned. Actors were vaulting confrontationally out of their safe proscenia. Pop artists hoisted comic book panels and soup cans into galleries. Psychedelic rock posters upended most traditional rules of graphics. (Underground comic books were happening, but I hadn’t seen them yet, though the strips offered in underground newspapers provided a fragmentary glimpse of worlds to come.)
The upshot was that I stopped assuming that comics existed only for laughs or storytelling. I saw possibilities for cartooned communication on deeper psychologicalindeed, even mysticallevels. Much that has been of value to me springs from that insight. Phenomena was the crude initial result.
I haven’t seen those old Phenomena drawings in years. The only one I still remember depicted a monkey perched upon a giant human hand, peeling the most prominent finger like a monumental banana. Freud wouldn’t find the symbolism of that one overly opaque! I modestly thought that the whole Phenomena series was weird, groovy, trippy and keen! I decided that it should be a regular feature in the East Village Other.
The Other, nicknamed EVO, was the radical "hippie" journal of the period. I was digging rock-and-roll and getting stoned and leading a marginal enough existence to feel fairly hippie-ish. The smattering of comix that had caught my attention within its pages and the pages of its spin-off, Gothic Blimp Works, made me think that EVO might get off on my odd visual fantasies. So I trekked from my one-room apartment in Chelsea into the wilds of the East Village.
The lyric dream of Flower Power had taken on fuzztone distortions along the streets where I walked. Smiles had too much amperage. Shaggy pilgrims seemed relegated to a destinationless saunter past the youthful panhandlers with dilated pupils who jockeyed for handouts. Or maybe everybody was out shopping for eggs and butter and my own mind was building alienated images out of its own discomfort. I was a tourist there, not a native. Long-of-hair certainly; perhaps even cosmic-of-vision. But a Street Person? No.
I ascended a narrow stairwell and entered the EVO office. Mounds of paper were strewn across all available flat surfaces. Several workers glanced up at me as I stood awkwardly in the doorway. I felt more transparently unhip by the moment. After all, this was hardcore counterculture here. Even the T-squares had beards. I managed to announce that I had some cartoons to show. One fellow whose name I don’t remember took me aside and thumbed through my drawings.
"I like this one and this one," he said finally, selecting out a couple.
"I was hoping I could have, like, a regular feature," I said. "Y’know, every issue."
"We don’t do that for anybody," he said. "That’s our policy. Nobody gets run two issues in a row. Not even Crumb! We don’t want any 'stars'!"
Oops! Not only was I inadequately hip, I was inadequately egalitarian. You see, in my secret heart of hearts, I wanted to be a star!
I also wanted a feature that would provide me a guaranteed space, where I could experiment (and even fail sometimes) without worrying about having individual segments jettisoned because this one or that one left somebody cold. Brash me! I wanted artistic control!
It was clear that the Other and I were operating out of different mindsets. I took back my drawings and thanked the guy for his time. We did the ritual handclasp that somebody had invented for hip folk to do, and I left.
I trudged back to my quarters on Fifteenth Street. As I trudged, I wondered what I would do now. I had bowed out of mail-order flag production. The underground and I hadn’t meshed. What would become of this Alabama kid adrift in his fantasies of sublime accomplishment?
It’s 13 years later now [as of 1981], and if I wish I can hop a subway, disembark in the East Village and take the walk again. The intervening years of living have given my feet a firmer footing. I’ve learned strategies that make survival more possible and satisfaction more accessible.
Yet the mystery I pondered then, I still ponder now. What could I do with my creativity if...?
If I had more money. If I had more time. If I were unleashed. If somebody gave me all the crescent rolls I desire, for free.
If I do the work. If I master the skill. If I learn to tell the tale. If I wrestle the angels, give inked form to my dreams....
Such thoughts can rev me up till my head fairly spins. To hell with obstacles! Let me back at my drawing board; I want to conquer all worlds at once.
First, though, I have three commercial assignments awaiting completion. Oh, well. They’ll be fun. They pay the rent. I’ll give them my best.
Maybe I’ll manage to clear the time for conquering those other worlds next month.
I’m closer, but I’m still not There yet.